thumbnail

What is CBD and Its Relationship to Hemp and Cannabis

With the increase of many deadly diseases related to obesity, many individuals are now more conscious of the chemicals and food they are putting in their bodies. Today, everyone is trying to find natural products that won’t compromise their health as they try to maintain their weight. One of the natural products that has shown a lot of potential in effort to maintain a physically sound body is CBD oil. This oil is extracted from the hemp plant and is now being used all over the world as a health supplement. Because of the relation between CBD and cannabis, there are many misconceptions surrounding CBD.  

The hemp plant has an active chemical referred to as cannabidiol, abbreviated as CBD. This chemical constitutes up to forty percent of the chemical composition of the plant. This guide is tailor-made to allow you to better understand what CBD is, how it helps our body, and its difference from cannabis. 

What Is CBD? 

The two most common cannabis plants are hemp and marijuana. Cannabis has more than a hundred different cannabinoids. CBD is one of these many cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are natural substances that stimulate the cannabinoid receptors found in body tissues. These cannabinoid receptors occur naturally and are distributed all over the body. While there are many different types of these receptors, the most important type is the CB1 receptor.  

When cannabinoids bind to receptors, they trigger production of neurotransmitters, leading to the various effects of cannabis. There are two well-known cannabinoids; these are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). CBD is the primary cannabinoid in hemp, while THC is the primary chemical in marijuana. THC is responsible for the ‘high’, or psychotropic effects associated with cannabis. While the THC is also found in hemp, it is only in low amounts. 

Due to the large disparity in the concentration of the active compounds in these two plants, marijuana and hemp are not grown together. They are genetically distinct, so cross-pollination cannot occur between them. This is the main reason why these plants are not grown together despite being related. Additionally, each plant has different needs, and therefore cultivation techniques differ. 

How does the brain respond to CBD? 

Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t alter the functioning of the brain. This means that CBD users will not experience any mood changes, altered consciousness, or distorted perceptions. This is one reason why CBD is much more commonly accepted for use than marijuana. While hemp and marijuana plants may seem similar, you will not get high when you take CBD oil. 

How do cannabinoids work? 

After inhaling or ingesting cannabinoids, they enter the bloodstream where they will bind to CB1 receptors. THC binds with these receptors more readily as it has a molecular shape that fits perfectly into the receptor. When this binding occurs in the brain, the user will experience the ‘high’ effect. The main difference between the THC and CBD is that the CBD molecule has a different shape that doesn’t conform to the CB1 receptor. For this reason, CBD will not attach to the CB1 receptor, meaning that there will be no psychoactive effects. Instead, the molecule counteracts the effects that THC has on the CB1 receptor. Because of this, if you ingest both CBD and THC, THC’s effects will be suppressed.  

What Are The Uses Of CBD? 

CBD is usually taken as a supplement. You can find it in the form of capsules, CBD oil, sprays, and vaping liquids. Some companies include CBD in cosmetic products such as lotions, shampoos, and soaps. 

Is CBD legal in the US 

While marijuana is illegal to consume in most countries all over the world, hemp products are legal. You can purchase CBD products in the US legally. However, there is a catch; the law only allows the sale of CBD products containing very little THC. In some states such as Colorado, selling any cannabis product is legal. This means that if you live in this state, you can use CBD freely without worrying about the concentration of THC. It is important to note that laws on cannabis vary from state to state within the US. However, CBD oil sourced from hemp is legal in all 50 states as it is classified as a hemp product. You can research your state laws to know more about the legality of CBD and other cannabis products in your state. 

What Is The Future Of CBD? 

For now, there is very little information about the true potential of the CBD oil when it comes to promoting your health. Luckily, substantial amounts of research are being conducted on a daily basis to fill this gap and learn more about CBD and the benefits it can provide. While much of the population now accepts this product, more scientific research is needed to know exactly how the product works on our body. This will help more people be at ease when using CBD products.

Written by Dwayne Marquis in August 1, 2018
Share :